The Robust Robotics Group at MIT has developed an algorithm that allows a fixed wing plane to fly indoors.
AUVs usually fly outside and rely on GPS to help navigate. Using a fixed 2 meter winged plan indoors without GPS makes the challenge even harder.
Nick Roy, an associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics and head of the Robust Robotics Group states:
The reason that we switched from the helicopter to the fixed-wing vehicle is that the fixed-wing vehicle is a more complicated and interesting problem, but also that it has a much longer flight time.
In the video below, the plane has already been given a map of where it is going, but it still needs to figure where it is on the map in real time by using sensors. The next step is to get the plane to generate a map on the fly.